Transportation in Ghana
Planning a trip to Ghana but wondering how to get there? Keep your worries at bay, for Ghana has several airports and they are equipped with all the facilities necessary to make your journey hassle-free. A number of international flights service the country. Flights are comfortable and convenient.
All travellers to Ghana should take a ride in a tro-tro, the local form of transport in Ghana; not only is it cheap and fast, it's also a memorable experience!
Our Ghana Transportation Guide below provides practical information for the best ways to get to, from and around Ghana with ease, along with contact details for Ghana transport providers. Let a local provider in Ghana take you to see the best of the country on one of our Ghana tours .
Ghana Tranportation Guide
Getting to Ghana
The most important airport in Ghana, the Kotoka International Airport, is serviced by both Western airlines and African airlines. Located in Accra, it is the main hub of Ghana International Airlines, which has flights between London and Accra. In late 2005, when Ghana Airways closed down, Ghana international Airlines took over.
The Ghana airport is large enough to accommodate aircraft such as the Boeing 747-400.
The departure tax of US $35 is included in the ticket fare.
For transport from the airport to the city (or from the city to the airport), we recommend Green Path Transfers, who offer eco-friendly airport transfers in hundreds of destinations around the world, including Accra.
Visit our partner Air Valid for Airline Reviews and information about Ghana.
The road network in Ghana is excellent. All the neighbouring countries are connected to Ghana by road. You can enter the country through border towns such as Aflao while travelling from Toga, Elubo and Sampa from Ivory Coast, and Hamile and Paga from Burkina Faso.
There are buses, pickup trucks, taxis, and tro-tros (minibuses) connecting Ghana to all its neighbouring countries.
Ghana has two modern ports. A few cruise ships dock at these ports in Ghana and travellers can use their services too.
Tema is located 25 km (16 miles) to the east of Accra and ships sail between Tema and Cameroon, Côte d'Ivoire, Nigeria, and South Africa.
Visa holders will find border formalities very minimal, but do be prepared and add some extra time into your travel itinerary. Beware of pickpockets at border posts, which are usually crowded.
Getting around Ghana
To go from Akosombo to Yeji, the most adventurous option is taking the Yapei Queen across Lake Volta. The steamer makes passenger runs round the clock between the two places, with halts at villages in between. Akosombo, located on the shores of Lake Volta, is 104 km (65 miles) to the northeast of Accra. Yeji is 200 km (125 miles) away, on the northwestern shore of the lake. There are ferries from Yeji to Buipe, which is 100 km (62 miles) farther northwest, and to Makonga, located 15 km (10 miles) to the east. There are options to go by road from both places to Tamale.
Roads in Ghana are in pretty good shape except for some potholed sections between Tamale and Kumasi, and along the coast from Accra to Aflao. In general, conditions tend to be better in the major cities. There are sure to be a few police checkpoints along the way, although they are usually satisfied after receiving a ‘dash' or bribe. Rental cars in Accra are available but are quite expensive. Ghanaians get around in tro-tros, taxis, or mammy wagons, which are a kind of converted pickup truck. Road accidents are not uncommon so take care if you decide to drive.
Taxis operate in two ways, and are great modes of transport in Ghana. The first is the private ‘drop' taxi, which is like any conventional taxi. It stops to pick you up and drops you off at your destination. It is best to negotiate a price before embarking on the trip or you can get fleeced. The second type is the ‘share' taxi, which runs on popular routes and picks up people along the way. You share the taxi and your fare, so to speak, since your fare is about a quarter of the regular fare.
STC and Metro-Mass are the two main bus systems in Ghana. They run regularly between Accra and other major Ghana destinations. There are also Greyhound buses in Ghana running between most of the big towns and a few of the smaller ones. The bus service is not excellent and some routes are better travelled by share taxis or tro-tros.
The railway service is comfortable but slow. A single-track triangular line runs between Takoradi, Kumasi, and Accra, but is frustratingly slow. Road transport is a quicker alternative.
The railway service is quite popular in Ghana. The Ghana railway service is comfortable but slow. A single-track triangular line runs between Takoradi, Kumasi, and Accra, but is frustratingly slow. Road transport is a quicker alternative.network lies north of Kumasi, in the plains to the south of the barrier range. A few of the halts along the train route are at the port and capital city of Accra, the junctions at Tarkwa and Dunkwa, the branch terminuses at Awaso, Kade and Prestea, and at Betkwa, Bekwai, Kofaridua, Kongono, Nkawkaw, Nsawam, Obuasi, Sekondi, Shai Hills, and Tema.
Accra Transportation Guide
Getting around Accra
SUV or Car with Driver
There are lots of options available for renting an SUV or a sedan. Drivers usually earn about $ 15 a day in Accra. To get a car, you can book directly from Accra car rental companies such as Avis or a local rental company, which are usually located at larger hotels such as La Palm, Golden Tulip and La Badi Beach. Most cars are available on shorter notice but for SUVs it is best to book in advance. In general, rates for a car and driver are around $ 9 (or 80,000 Cedis) an hour. A ten-hour day trip will cost you $ 75, excluding fuel costs. Rental rates will increase if you leave the metro region of Accra, since the roads can be quite bad outside the city.
While Accra is a relatively safe place to walk in both during the day and night (in many areas), do keep a look out for open sewers and vehicles.
To flag down a taxi in Accra, wave your arm in the air with your finger pointed downwards to the ground.
Busy streets will have lots of taxis wanting you as a passenger. Since there are no meters on taxis in Ghana, you will have to negotiate the cost before starting the trip. The best way is to ask a local how much it costs to reach a particular destination.
Taxis in Accra are easy to spot as they have different coloured paint for the two front side panels and for the two rear side panels than the rest of the taxi.
Accra taxis also have a number plate with black lettering on a yellow background, while private vehicles have black lettering on a white background.
These are the most crowded form of Accra transportation, and quite dilapidated as well, since only old mini-buses are converted into Tro Tros. Travelling along well-known city routes with several stops, the driver's assistant or ‘mate' will yell out the destination as it approaches a stop. Be aware that not all stops are marked along the route, and be careful of drunk drivers.
Volta Transportation Guide
Getting to Volta
The best way to get to the Volta Region is through Accra. Visitors have to proceed to the Volta Region from there by road. For transport from the airport to the city (or from the city to the airport), we recommend Green Path Transfers, who offer eco-friendly airport transfers in hundreds of destinations around the world.
The Volta Region is best accessed by road. STC, the national bus network of Ghana, runs buses every day (except Sunday) from Accra to Ho. These buses are air conditioned, run on schedule and are efficient and quick. STC buses depart from their own stations where tourists can book tickets in advance so that they are assured of a seat.
Metro-Mass buses, which can be identified by their orange colour, also run buses from Accra to Ho, Hohoe and Kapando as well as smaller localities in the Volta Region. They operate out of tro-tro stations and are cheaper than STC buses, though they charge an additional fee for luggage.
Tourists can hire either shared taxis or drop taxis to reach Ho, Hohoe and Kpando. Shared taxis are less expensive. However, these taxis do not start till the drivers have taken on as many passengers as they can, so that the taxi gets a bit cramped and you may reach your destination a bit later because the taxis stop frequently to drop passengers.
Drop taxis are a more comfortable way of getting to Volta, although they may be more expensive. Tourists are assured of a comfortable drive and a reasonable degree of punctuality. However, do negotiate and fix the fare before you start, as drivers do try to earn that extra bit, especially from tourists.
The best way to reach the Volta Region is to hire a car from Accra. This journey takes at least four hours. Even though the roads outside Accra are, sometimes, merely dirt tracks, hiring a car does provide a certain flexibility and comfort.
By tro-tro and mini vans
Tourists can also reach the Volta Region by tro-tro or minivan. This also provides an opportunity to drive through local villages. The journey from Accra to Ho by minivan takes about two hours. Tro-tros are relatively cheap, the only disadvantage being that they have no fixed schedule and tend to squeeze in too many passengers.
Getting around Volta
Tro-tros, minivans and cars are the most preferred modes of Volta transportation for getting around the Volta Region. While there are buses that ply in this region, many tourist attractions here involve trekking and take some time. It may not always be possible to synchronize your timings with those of the bus. Tro-tros and taxis are transport in Volta found everywhere and are relatively cheap.
Tourists can also get think of getting around Volta by ferry. There are many cruises from Akosombo and other places along the coast to Lake Volta and boat operators are only too happy to ferry tourists around for that extra tip or ‘dash’.
The Ghana and Volta transport system is not very organised and efforts are underway to streamline transportation systems. In the meanwhile, indigenous modes of Volta transport like ferries, cruise boats and tro-tros fill in the gaps adequately.
No7 First Street, Kuku Hill, Christiansborg P.O. Box CT 1216, Cantonments, Accra - Ghana
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